Domaine scientifique

Scientific collaboration between Professor Marco Toscani and Dr. Pasquale Fino, Chair of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Umberto I Health Center – “Sapienza” University of Rome.

Recent studies have demonstrated that around one in five young men tend to lose their hair prematurely over time.
This problem does not affect only young men but also young women.

In the majority of cases, it is androgenetic alopecia (pattern hair loss) and therefore is hereditary/genetic. However, it is important to remember that often factors of psychological origin like performance anxiety, trauma and emotional stress take over, thereby becoming a source and cause of hair loss from stress.

Men suffer from this more than women. The percentages are, respectively, 65% and 35%.
It should also be noted that today the number of young women who are afflicted with hair loss is notably and constantly increasing.

Among the causes that lead to hair loss in women we include lack of sleep, improper diet (very restrictive diets or those with little variety) and cigarette smoke.
The hair loss manifests with excessive sebum production and thinning hair that becomes more and more thin and fragile. Eventually it falls out and does not grow back.

Hair loss leads to serious psychological consequences both in adults and in young people.
Thinning hair, receding hair and hair loss cause a sense of embarrassment and inadequacy, leading young people to isolate themselves. In fact, many young men stop going to school, precisely to avoid contact with those their age.
Moreover, it has been psychologically proven that hair loss causes a sense of inadequacy that seriously compromises the psychological development of an adolescent. What occurs is that a profound psychological crisis is added to a problem that was initially only an aesthetic one. The depression derives from the fact that a young person in this situation feels uncomfortable as a result of the continuous preoccupation with imagining what others think seeing him without hair. The mirror, the first strength of adolescents, now becomes an enemy that is often contacted and that cannot be avoided because it allows you to check the progression of the hair thinning or recession, thereby leading to a chronic state of anxiety. Young men suffering from this problem try in every way to fix their hair so that the receding hairline is noted as little as possible.
This whole situation leads young people to lower their self esteem and self confidence and to lose sight of their objectives, it leads them to abandon their studies or work, contributing also to the loss of friendships or romantic relationships.

The best weapon remains, as always, prevention. In fact, it is necessary to resolve the problem at the root as soon as it manifests itself with targeted trichological treatments and anti-hair loss remedies that guarantee restoration of a good scalp condition. The first thing to do when this occurs is turn to industry professionals for a proper and careful hair and skin exam, as a first step that guarantees (except in the cases of serious hair loss or illness) a proper overview of the clinical situation and the creation of a proper and effective therapy.

Types de cheveux et morphologie

Some parameters and characteristics should be taken into consideration when assessing hair types and morphologies: shape, density and appearance. The appearance of hair, in the form of lanugo, occurs during the fourth month of pregnancy.

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Hair loss (telogen effluvium)

The term Telogen Effluvium was introduced for the first time by Kligman (*) in 1961 to introduce an acute hair loss of benign origin that follows an intense and short period of stress of different types. Subsequently, Rebora (**) introduced the concept of chronic Telogen Effluvium.

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Les glandes sébacées

The sebaceous glands are glands that secrete sebum, an oily, acidic substance with a pH of 3.5. They are connected laterally to the hair follicle. Sebaceous glands are found with a density of approximately 100/cm2 throughout all areas of the skin. In the human body, they are located across the entire surface of the skin, except for the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.

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Follicules et bulbes pileux

A hair follicle is a formation of epidermal origin, anchored in the dermis and consisting of a hair and its sheath.
The formation of hair follicles occurs early. They begin to appear as early as the second month of gestation. These follicles will continue to form for the entire duration of the pregnancy. At birth, the baby will indeed have the entire supply of follicles with which it was genetically equipped and from this moment on, no others will form.

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Grey hair

In the trichological field, with the passing of age hair whitening is seen to follow the greying process of the hair on the scalp (called grey hair). Hair becomes grey (white) following a natural biological aging process of the melanocytes, which are the cells tasked with coloring hair.
In the majority of people, the first grey hairs appear around 35/40 years of age in women and around 30/35 in men.

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Chute des cheveux : manifestation, causes et prévention

A shedding of hair is considered physiologically normal when hair loss is limited to around one hundred hairs per day. During an individual’s life hair grows, falls out and regrows around twenty times. Each cycle, especially for females, may last up to six years and if hair loss is found within this time frame, it is considered absolutely physiological.

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