Scientific Area

Split ends

CATEGORIES SCIENTIFIC AREA

Scientific collaboration between Professor Marco Toscani and Dr. Pasquale Fino, Chair of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Umberto I Health Center – “Sapienza” University of Rome.

It is impossible to definitively remove split ends by cutting them. If the cause is not removed, they will come back during the hair regrowth phase.
In hair that has split ends, the hair shaft shows pronged ends.

Another frequent physiological alteration of hair ends is trichorrhexis nodosa.
In this situation, the hair shaft takes the form of the tip of a pen, with the presence of lengthwise cracks and nodules located along the entire shaft.

The term “Bubble Hair” indicates the presence of air bubbles inside the hair shaft.
Bubble Hair may be found in areas of fragile, thin and broken hair. Problems such as ringworm may cause Bubble Hair.

The last remedy for combating split ends and hair that breaks easily is to cease all chemical treatments (strong dyes, perms, highlights, decolorations, etc.). Moreover, it is important to undergo an oil or hydrating mask treatment, then cleansing the scalp and lastly proceeding with washes that require just one dosage of shampoo so as to not further damage the hair shaft.
Regardless of the treatments proposed, it is important to remember that the first remedy for split ends is prevention, which consists in a lifestyle that guarantees perfect hair health, thereby avoiding the phenomenon of split ends.

Proper nutrition providing the raw materials also allows us to strengthen damaged hair, making it less susceptible to split ends.
It is also useful to stop or reduce smoking, as smoke allows toxins to enter the circulation and these are then also absorbed by the hair bulbs, with harmful effects on the keratinization process, and favoring the appearance of split ends.

Hair loss (telogen effluvium)

The term Telogen Effluvium was introduced for the first time by Kligman (*) in 1961 to introduce an acute hair loss of benign origin that follows an intense and short period of stress of different types. Subsequently, Rebora (**) introduced the concept of chronic Telogen Effluvium.

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Female hair loss

Female hair loss is a common form of non-scarring hair loss, characterized by the progressive loss of hair in the forehead and crown regions, resulting in visible thinning. Unlike male hair loss, female hair loss in the affected areas is usually incomplete and the occipital area is generally spared.

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Brittle hair

Brittle hair is hair that appears opaque and without shininess. It is characterized by glaringly visible damage and deterioration of the shaft.
The causes that lead to the problem of brittle hair may be of endogenous and exogenous origin.

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Androgenetic alopecia (pattern hair loss) or baldness

Androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss and affects the majority of white men, with varying degrees of seriousness. It is less frequent in other ethnic groups. Often it can be associated with a family history of baldness, but the absence of other affected family members does not exclude the diagnosis. The condition is characterized by progressive hair loss in the crown area, the front hairline and the temporal area.

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Structure and chemical composition of hair

The hair on our bodies has a particular structure and is divided into thin and thick hair. Thin hair, also called lanugo or vellus, is located on all skin surfaces except for the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Thick hair, also called terminal hair, is dark and located only in some areas such as the scalp, the armpits, the pubic area, the beard area in the case of men, etc…

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Grey hair

In the trichological field, with the passing of age hair whitening is seen to follow the greying process of the hair on the scalp (called grey hair). Hair becomes grey (white) following a natural biological aging process of the melanocytes, which are the cells tasked with coloring hair.
In the majority of people, the first grey hairs appear around 35/40 years of age in women and around 30/35 in men.

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