Scientific Area

Split ends

CATEGORIES SCIENTIFIC AREA

Scientific collaboration between Professor Marco Toscani and Dr. Pasquale Fino, Chair of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Umberto I Health Center – “Sapienza” University of Rome.

It is impossible to definitively remove split ends by cutting them. If the cause is not removed, they will come back during the hair regrowth phase.
In hair that has split ends, the hair shaft shows pronged ends.

Another frequent physiological alteration of hair ends is trichorrhexis nodosa.
In this situation, the hair shaft takes the form of the tip of a pen, with the presence of lengthwise cracks and nodules located along the entire shaft.

The term “Bubble Hair” indicates the presence of air bubbles inside the hair shaft.
Bubble Hair may be found in areas of fragile, thin and broken hair. Problems such as ringworm may cause Bubble Hair.

The last remedy for combating split ends and hair that breaks easily is to cease all chemical treatments (strong dyes, perms, highlights, decolorations, etc.). Moreover, it is important to undergo an oil or hydrating mask treatment, then cleansing the scalp and lastly proceeding with washes that require just one dosage of shampoo so as to not further damage the hair shaft.
Regardless of the treatments proposed, it is important to remember that the first remedy for split ends is prevention, which consists in a lifestyle that guarantees perfect hair health, thereby avoiding the phenomenon of split ends.

Proper nutrition providing the raw materials also allows us to strengthen damaged hair, making it less susceptible to split ends.
It is also useful to stop or reduce smoking, as smoke allows toxins to enter the circulation and these are then also absorbed by the hair bulbs, with harmful effects on the keratinization process, and favoring the appearance of split ends.

Structure and chemical composition of hair

The hair on our bodies has a particular structure and is divided into thin and thick hair. Thin hair, also called lanugo or vellus, is located on all skin surfaces except for the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet. Thick hair, also called terminal hair, is dark and located only in some areas such as the scalp, the armpits, the pubic area, the beard area in the case of men, etc…

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Cuneiform hair or dwarf hair

This is very short hair, between 1 cm and a maximum of 2 cm in length, which usually has insufficient pigmentation. This hair has a base structure that is quite large, almost like normal hair. It then tends to get smaller towards the end, thus taking on the form of a very pointed cone.
This hair has a strong tendency to fall out.

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Androgenetic alopecia (pattern hair loss) or baldness

Androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss and affects the majority of white men, with varying degrees of seriousness. It is less frequent in other ethnic groups. Often it can be associated with a family history of baldness, but the absence of other affected family members does not exclude the diagnosis. The condition is characterized by progressive hair loss in the crown area, the front hairline and the temporal area.

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Premature hair loss

Recent studies have demonstrated that around one in five young men tend to lose their hair prematurely over time.
This problem does not affect only young men but also young women.

In the majority of cases, it is androgenetic alopecia (pattern hair loss) and therefore is hereditary/genetic. However, it is important to remember that often factors of psychological origin like performance anxiety, trauma and emotional stress take over, thereby becoming a source and cause of hair loss from stress.

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Hair loss (telogen defluvium)

With the term Telogen Defluvium we mean a modest, not excessive, loss of hair in the telogen phase, but which tends to often be irreversible, with the precise characteristics of hair in decay or involution. The hair that falls out is usually short and fine, with bulbs that are undeveloped and reduced in size.

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PRPHT: the last frontier against hair loss

The acronym PRPHT stands for “Platelet Rich Plasma Hair Therapy”. It is a therapeutic medical technique that falls within the field of “regenerative medicine”; it is based on the principle that stem cells, which have been demonstrated to be present in the hair bulb, are equipped with growth factor receptors.

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