Scientific Area

Split ends

CATEGORIES SCIENTIFIC AREA

Scientific collaboration between Professor Marco Toscani and Dr. Pasquale Fino, Chair of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Umberto I Health Center – “Sapienza” University of Rome.

It is impossible to definitively remove split ends by cutting them. If the cause is not removed, they will come back during the hair regrowth phase.
In hair that has split ends, the hair shaft shows pronged ends.

Another frequent physiological alteration of hair ends is trichorrhexis nodosa.
In this situation, the hair shaft takes the form of the tip of a pen, with the presence of lengthwise cracks and nodules located along the entire shaft.

The term “Bubble Hair” indicates the presence of air bubbles inside the hair shaft.
Bubble Hair may be found in areas of fragile, thin and broken hair. Problems such as ringworm may cause Bubble Hair.

The last remedy for combating split ends and hair that breaks easily is to cease all chemical treatments (strong dyes, perms, highlights, decolorations, etc.). Moreover, it is important to undergo an oil or hydrating mask treatment, then cleansing the scalp and lastly proceeding with washes that require just one dosage of shampoo so as to not further damage the hair shaft.
Regardless of the treatments proposed, it is important to remember that the first remedy for split ends is prevention, which consists in a lifestyle that guarantees perfect hair health, thereby avoiding the phenomenon of split ends.

Proper nutrition providing the raw materials also allows us to strengthen damaged hair, making it less susceptible to split ends.
It is also useful to stop or reduce smoking, as smoke allows toxins to enter the circulation and these are then also absorbed by the hair bulbs, with harmful effects on the keratinization process, and favoring the appearance of split ends.

Hyperhidrosis

Excess sweat production on the entire surface of the body or just in some areas (especially the scalp, palms of the hands, soles of the feet) is called hyperhidrosis.
Some of the causes that may lead to temporary hyperhidrosis are physical hyperactivity, fevers, saunas, vomiting and dysentery. Causes that may instead lead to a repeated state of hyperhidrosis are hyperthyroidism, hypoglycemia and alcoholism

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Hair follicles and bulbs

A hair follicle is a formation of epidermal origin, anchored in the dermis and consisting of a hair and its sheath.
The formation of hair follicles occurs early. They begin to appear as early as the second month of gestation. These follicles will continue to form for the entire duration of the pregnancy. At birth, the baby will indeed have the entire supply of follicles with which it was genetically equipped and from this moment on, no others will form.

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Androgenetic alopecia (pattern hair loss) or baldness

Androgenetic alopecia is the most common type of hair loss and affects the majority of white men, with varying degrees of seriousness. It is less frequent in other ethnic groups. Often it can be associated with a family history of baldness, but the absence of other affected family members does not exclude the diagnosis. The condition is characterized by progressive hair loss in the crown area, the front hairline and the temporal area.

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Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a very common scalp condition characterized by the presence of yellow and oily flakes on the skin.

It is associated with erythema, small scaly, and intense itching.
Seborrheic dermatitis is a well-known condition but is still not easily identifiable. Many men and women starting from puberty have oily, greasy, shiny and thickened skin with large hair follicles, especially noticeable around the nose and mouth, forehead, torso, scalp (affected by so-called oily dandruff).

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Sebaceous glands

The sebaceous glands are glands that secrete sebum, an oily, acidic substance with a pH of 3.5. They are connected laterally to the hair follicle. Sebaceous glands are found with a density of approximately 100/cm2 throughout all areas of the skin. In the human body, they are located across the entire surface of the skin, except for the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet.

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